SADC Countries at a Glance (text only)

ANGOLA

Population (2004): 14m
Area: 1247000 km²
Population growth: 2.9%
Urban Population: 36%
Life Expectancy: 47
GDP: US$20.1bn
Average annual GDP growth rate: 11,2%
GDP per capital (at current prices): $ 1303,84
Inflation: 43.6%
GCI index: Not Ranked
HDI index: 160
Television sets per 1 000 people (2002): 52
Health spending per capita (2002): $ 92
Physician per 100 000: 8
Number of Internet accounts (2004): 28 000
Number of public phones (2004): 347

BOTSWANA

Population: 1,7m
Area: 582 000 km²
Population growth: 1,1%
Urban Population: 52%
Life expectancy: 38
GDP: $8,7bn
Average annual GDP growth rate: 4,6%
GDP per capita (at current prices): $ 5 702,14
Inflation (2004): 6,6%
GCI Index: 48
HDI index: 131
Television sets per 1 000 people (2002): 44
Health spending per capita (2002): $ 387
Physician per 100 000: 29
Number of Internet accounts (2004): 45 000
Number of public phones (2002): 3 700

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO

Population: 54,8m
Area: 2345 095 km²
Life expectancy: 45
Population growth: 2,3%
Urban Population: 32%
GDP: $6,6bn
Average annual GDP growth rate: 6,3%
GDP per capita (at current prices): $ 111, 48
Inflation: 3,9%
GCI index: Not ranked
HDI Index: 167
Television sets per 1 000 people (2002): 2
Health spending per capita (2002): $ 15
Physicians per 100 000: 7
Number of internet accounts (2004): 4 500
Number of public phones (2004): 300
LESOTHO

Population: 1,8m
Area: 30 355 km²
Life expectancy: 37
Population growth: 0,9%
Urban Population: 18%
GDP: $ 1,4bn
GDP Growth rate: 3%
GDP per capita (at current prices): $ 633,18
Inflation: 5%
GCI index: Not ranked
HDI index: 149
Television sets per 1 000 people (2002): 35
Health spending per capita (2002): $ 119
Physician per 100 000: 5
Number of internet accounts (2004): 3 000
Number of public phones (2004): 1 800

MALAWI

Population: 11,2m
Area: 11 8484km²
Life expectancy: 38
Population Growth: 2,1%
Urban population: 17%
GDP: $1,9bn
Average annual GDP growth rate: 6,7%
GDP per capita (at current prices): $ 152,17
Inflation: 11,6%
GCI index: 105
HDI index: 165
Television set per 1 000 people (2002): 4
Health spending capita: (2002): $48
Physician per 100 000: 1
Number of internet accounts (2004): 5 200
Number of public phones (2004): 571

MAURITIUS

Population: 1,2m
Area: 2 040km²
Life expectancy: 72
Population Growth: 1%
Urban Population: 44%
GDP: $ 6,1bn
Average annual GDP Growth rate: 4,2%
GDP per capita (at current prices): $ 4 832,79
Inflation: 4,3%
GCI index: 52
HDI index: 65
Television sets per 1 000 people (2002): 299
Health spending per capita (2002): $ 317
Physician per 100 000: 85
Number of internet accounts (2004): 40 000
Number of public phones (2004): 2 589

 MOZAMBIQUE

Population: 19,1m
Area: 799 380 km²
Life expectancy: 41
Population growth: 2%
Urban population: 37%
GDP: $ 5,5bn
GDP per head (at current prices): $ 320,34
Inflation: 12,6%
GCI index: 91
HDI index: 168
Television sets per 1 000 people (2002): 14
Health spending per capita (2002): $ 50
Physician per 100 000: 2
Number of Internet accounts (2004): 20 000
Number of public phones (2004): 6347

NAMIBIA

Population: 2m
Area: 824 116 km²
Life expectancy: 40
Population growth: 2,2%
Urban population: 33%
GDP: $ 5,5bn
Average annual GDP growth rate: 4,2%
GDP per head (at current prices): $ 2 233,10
Inflation: 4,1%
GCI index: 63
HDI index: 125
Television sets per 1 000 people (2002): 269
Health spending per capita (2002): $ 331
Physicians per 100 000: 30
Number of Internet accounts (2004): 40 000
Number of public phones (2004): 5795

ZIMBABWE

Population: 13,2 m
Area: 390 757km²
Life expectancy: 39
Population Growth: 1,3%
Urban Population: 35%
GDP: $4,7bn
GDP growth rate: minus 4,2%
GDP per capita (at current prices): $ 491,12
Inflation: 350%
GCI index: 109
HDI index: 145
Television sets per 1 000 people (2002): 56
Health spending per capita (2002): $ 152
Physician per 100 000: 6
Number of Internet accounts (2004): 26 000
Number of public phones (2004): 4 766

ZAMBIA

Population: 10,5m
Area: 752 612 km²
Life expectancy: 36
Urban Population: 36%
Population Growth: 1,8%
GDP: $ 5,4bn
Average annual GDP growth rate: 4,6%
GDP per head (at current prices): $ 477,67
Inflation: 18%
GCI index: not ranked
HDI index: 166
Television sets per 1 000 people (2002): 51
Health spending per capita (2002): $51
Physician per 10 000: 7
Number of internet accounts (2004): 18 000
Number of public phones (2004): 800

TANZANIA

Population: 36,6m
Area: 945 200 km²
Life expectancy: 43
Urban Population: 36%
Population growth: 2,2%
GDP: $ 10,9bn
Average annual GDP growth rate: 6,3%
GDP per head (at current prices): $ 308,09
Inflation: 4,3%
GCI index: 71
HDI index: 164
Television sets (per 1 000 people in 2002):45
Health spending per capita (2002): $31
Physician per 100 000: 2
Number of internet accounts (2004): 25 000
Number of public phones (2004): 3 500

SWAZILAND

Population: 1,1m
Area: 17 364km²
Life expectancy: 43
Population Growth: 2%
Urban population: 24%
GDP: $ 2,4bn
GDP growth rate: 2,1%
GDP per capita (at current prices): $ 2171,71
Inflation: 3,5%
GCI index: -
HDI index: 147
Television sets per 1 000 people (2002): 34
Health spending per capita (2002): $ 309
Physician per 10 000: 18
Number of internet accounts (2004): 40 000
Number of public phones (2004): 1650

SOUTH AFRICA

People  

Total population (2005 midyear estimate): 46 888 200
Male: 23 070300
Female: 23 817900
Area: 1221 000km²
Population per km: 38
Urban population: 57%
Average annual population growth: 0,92%
Life expectancy: men 45; women 48,8
Infant mortality rate: 53,6%
Birth rate: 23,8%
Fertility rate: 2,8%

( Sources: Stats SA, World Bank)

Economy

GDP (2005 seasonally adjusted): R 1 483,543bn
GDP per capita: R 30 129
Growth per rate: 4%
Budget deficit: 1,5% of GDP
Inflation: CPI 3,9 % CPIX 4,8%
Government revenue (2004/2005): R 338bn
Interest rates: repo 7%; prime 10,5%
Trade: 2004 exports R 311,7bn; imports R 311,9bn
Main exports: maize, sugar, gold, diamonds, platinum, coal
Main imports: food, drink, tobacco, chemicals, machinery, mining equipment
Main trading partners: US, Germany, UK, Japan, China
Foreign direct investment 2004: R 3,8bn
Foreign debt: R 274,94bn

Competitiveness

Rank in the world growth competitiveness index: 42

The growth competitiveness index is created by the World Economic Forum to measure a country’s economic growth and growth potential. Three main factors are analysed to create the index: the quality of the macroeconomic environment, the state of the country’s public institutions and the level of its technological readiness.

(Sources: Reserve Bank, Stats SA, World Bank, BMI – TechKnowledge)

Taxation 

Value-added tax: 14%
Corporate rate tax: 29%
Highest rate of personal income tax: 40%
Capital gains tax: 25% (individual); 50% of gain (company)

Education

Education spending: 5,28 of GDP
Adult literacy rate (age 15 and above): 82,4%

(sources: Department of Education, UN)

Crime

Reported crime April 2004 – March 2005:
Murder: 18 793
Attempted murder: 24516
Rape: 55 114
Vehicle theft: 83 857
Driving under the influence of alcohol and drugs: 29 927

Murder down by 5,6% in the past year
Rape up by 4%
Attempted murder down by 18,8%
Theft of motor vehicle and motorcycles down by 5,3%
Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs up by 19,6%
Bank robbery up by 7,4%

(Source: SA Police Services)

Health

Health spending: 3,5% of GDP
Government spends about R 33,2 bn/year on health care for 84% of the population while in the private sector  R 43bn is spent serving 7m people
Spending per capita (2002): private R 8 000; public R 1 300
Physician per 100 000 (1990-2004): 69
SA’s human development index (HDI) rank among 177 countries: 120
The HDI is a comparative measure of poverty literacy, education, life expectancy and other factors. It is a standard means of measuring well – being, especially child welfare.

Leading causes of death (2001):

  1. Tuberculosis: 50 872
  2. Heart disease: 43 690
  3. Influenza and pneumonia: 31 495
  4. Malignant neoplasm (cancers): 30 208
  5. Conditions originating in the prenatal period (pregnancy): 23 696
  6. Cerebrovascular diseases: 22 577
  7. Chronic lower respiratory diseases: 14 681
  8. Diabetes mellitus: 14 557
  9. Other immunodeficiencies: 11554
  10. Accidents (unintentional injuries): 9 423
  11. Other rankable causes: 73 279
  12. Nonrankable causes: 125 904

Estimated percentage of deaths due to Aids: 50,8%

Telecommunications

Telephone mainlines: 4,8m
Mobile networks: 3
Total mobile subscribers: 18,2m
Number of internet accounts: (2004): 900 000
Number of public phones (2004): 195 399
Television sets per 1000 people (2002): 177

(Sources: International Telecommunications Union, BMI-TechKnowledge)

Tourism

Top five SA tourist attractions:
Cape Peninsula
Kruger National Park
Sun City
Garden Route
KwaZulu Natal parks and mountains

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